leishmaniasis

leishmaniasis
n.
a disease, common in the tropics and subtropics, caused by parasitic protozoans of the genus Leishmania, which are transmitted by the bite of sandflies. There are two principal forms of the disease: visceral leishmaniasis, in which the cells of various internal organs are affected (see kala-azar); and cutaneous leishmaniasis, which affects the tissues of the skin. Cutaneous leishmaniasis itself has several different forms, depending on the region in which it occurs and the species of Leishmania involved. In Asia it is common in the form of oriental sore. In America there are several forms of leishmaniasis (see chiclero's ulcer, espundia). Leishmaniasis is treated with drugs containing antimony.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • Leishmaniasis — Classification and external resources Cutaneous leishmaniasis in the hand of a Central American adult …   Wikipedia

  • Leishmaniasis — Clasificación y recursos externos …   Wikipedia Español

  • leishmaniasis — enfermedad producida por un protozoo flagelado (género Leishmania, orden Kinetoplástica) que es transmitida por un mosquito que hace de vector. La enfermedad es relativamente frecuente en el perro, pero menos en el hombre. fotografía [véase… …   Diccionario médico

  • leishmaniasis — [lēsh΄mə nī′ə sis] n. [ModL < Leishmania, after Sir W. B. Leishman (1865 1926), Scot bacteriologist] any of several infectious diseases, esp. kala azar, caused by protozoan parasites (genus Leishmania) …   English World dictionary

  • leishmaniasis — /leesh meuh nuy euh sis, luysh /, n. Pathol. any infection caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania. Also, leishmaniosis /leesh man ee oh sis, may nee , luysh /. Cf. kala azar. [1910 15; LEISHMAN(IA) + IASIS] * * * Human protozoal infection… …   Universalium

  • Leishmaniasis — Diseases due to the parasite called Leishmania involving the organs (kala azar), skin plus mucous membranes (espundia), or skin alone (usually named for the place plus boil, button or sore as, for example, Jericho boil, Bagdad button, Delhi sore) …   Medical dictionary

  • leishmaniasis — {{#}}{{LM L23613}}{{〓}} {{[}}leishmaniasis{{]}} ‹leish·ma·nia·sis› {{◆}}(pl. leishmaniasis){{◇}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Enfermedad infecciosa causada por ciertos parásitos que puede afectar a la piel o a órganos como el hígado y el bazo: • La… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • leishmaniasis — Disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. The parasite lives intracellularly in macrophages. Various forms of the disease are known, depending upon the species of parasite: in particular visceral leishmaniasis (kala azar),… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • leishmaniasis — Infección humana por protozoos que se disemina por la picadura de un mosquito simúlido hematófago. La afección es mundial, pero es especialmente prevalente en las zonas tropicales. Es producida por varias especies de Leishmania, protozoo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • leishmaniasis americana — Grupo de infecciones mucocutáneas producidas por varias especies de Leishmania, caracterizadas por lesiones ulcerativas que desfiguran la nariz, la boca y la garganta. Algunos tipos de leishmaniasis americana son: espundia, pian del bosque,… …   Diccionario médico

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